Gaushala Dharodi

Paris Agreement 2030 Target

The Paris Agreement, which was signed in 2015, is a global initiative to combat climate change. It is a legally binding treaty among the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Parties, with the aim of keeping global warming below 2°C above preindustrial levels, and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C.

One of the key aspects of the Paris Agreement is the establishment of countries` carbon emissions reduction targets, which are referred to as the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These targets are set for a five-year period and are intended to be reviewed and updated every five years to reflect evolving scientific knowledge and technological advancements.

The Paris Agreement also sets out a long-term goal of achieving a balance between emissions and removals of greenhouse gases in the second half of this century, commonly referred to as net-zero emissions.

The latest deadline for countries to submit updated targets for the 2020-2030 period was December 31, 2020, and the results have been mixed. A majority of countries have submitted updated targets, but there are still some significant emitters who have not, or have made commitments that fall short of what is required to meet the Paris Agreement`s goals.

The United States, which was one of the largest emitters and a key player in the Paris Agreement under President Barack Obama, withdrew from the agreement under the Trump administration. With the election of President Joe Biden, the U.S. has rejoined the agreement and has submitted an updated NDC, committing to reducing emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels by 2030.

Other major emitters, such as China, India, and Russia, have also submitted updated targets, with China pledging to peak its emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. India has committed to reducing emissions intensity (emissions per unit of GDP) by 33-35% below 2005 levels by 2030, and Russia has set a target of reducing emissions by 30% below 1990 levels by 2030.

Overall, the updated NDCs from countries represent progress towards the Paris Agreement goals, but more needs to be done to reach the necessary emissions reductions, particularly from large emitters. The implementation of policies and initiatives to support the transition to renewable energy, such as increased investment in green technologies, carbon pricing, and phasing out of fossil fuel subsidies, will be crucial in achieving these targets.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement and its 2030 targets play a critical role in the global effort to combat climate change. The updated NDCs from countries demonstrate some progress, but continued efforts and increased ambition are needed to limit global temperature rise to a safe level.

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